This includes an animal cruelty charge and an unlimited fine.
In some instances, they could even receive a six-month jail sentence under the Animal Welfare Act 2006.
Motorists are also warned about driving more safely with their pets, as two-thirds of drivers could be fined.
Most drivers have admitted to not driving safely with a pet could land a hefty fine and penalty points.
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To avoid being fined, Vanarama has warned motorists to remember a few key things when travelling with their pets, especially in the warmer weather.
Dogs should be kept in the back seat or the boot as they are less likely to be seriously injured if there is a car accident.
If they do need to sit in the front seat for miscellaneous reasons, they should have a harness on and the seat should be as far back as it can be.
Child locks should also be used to make sure a pet doesn’t accidentally open a window or a door.
Additionally, most pet owners prefer to use a harness, but they must make sure it’s not too tight.
Motorists should be able to comfortably get two fingers between the harness and their pet.